Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic complaint that causes high blood sugar. Your body either doesn’t make enough insulin or can’t effectively use the insulin it makes.

The hormone insulin moves sugar from the blood into your cells to be stored or used for energy. However, you may have diabetes, if this malfunctions.  Undressed high blood sugar from diabetes can damage your jitters, eyes, feathers, and other organs. The vulnerable system attacks and destroys cells in the pancreas, where insulin is made. It’s unclear what causes this attack. 

• Type 1

Type 1 diabetes occurs when your body becomes resistant to insulin, and sugar builds up in your blood. It’s the most common type of people living with diabetes have type 1.

 • Gravid

Gravid diabetes is high blood sugar during gestation. Insulin- blocking hormones produced by the placenta cause this type of diabetes.

  A rare condition called diabetes insipid us isn’t related to diabetes mellitus, although it has a analogous name. It’s a different condition in which your feathers remove too important fluid from your body.  Each type of diabetes has unique symptoms, causes, and treatments. 

2# Pre – Diabetes

Pre -diabetes is the term that’s used when your blood sugar is advanced than anticipated, but it’s not high enough for an opinion of type 2 diabetes. It occurs when the cells in your body don’t respond to insulin the way they should. 

Symptoms of Diabetes

 General symptoms

 The symptoms of type 1, type 2, and (LADA) are the same, but they do in a shorter period than types 2 and 1.5. In type 2, the onset tends to be slower. Chinking jitters and slow- mending blisters are more common in type 2. 

• increased hunger 

• increased thirst 

• Weight loss

 • Frequent urination

 • Vague vision

 • Extreme fatigue 

• Blisters that don’t heal

  Symptoms in men 

In addition to the general symptoms of diabetes, men with diabetes may have

 • A dropped coitus drive

  • Erectile dysfunction 

• Poor muscle strength 

Symptoms in women 

Women with diabetes can have symptoms similar as 

• Vaginal blankness

 • Urinary tract infections 

• Incentive infections 

• Dry, itchy skin

3# Gravid Diabetes

 Utmost people who develop gravid diabetes don’t have any symptoms. Healthcare specialists often descry the circumstance all through a ordinary blood sugar take a look at or oral glucose forbearance check, that is commonly achieved among the 24th and twenty eighth weeks of gestation.

4# Causes of Diabetes 

Different reasons are related to each sort of diabetes.

Type 1 Diabetes

 Croaks don’t know exactly what causes type 1 diabetes. For some reason, the vulnerable system inaptly attacks and destroys insulin- producing beta cells in the pancreas. 

Type 2 Diabetes

 Type 2 diabetes stems from a combination of genetics and life factors. Having fat or rotundity increases your threat, too. Carrying redundant weight, especially in your belly, makes your cells more resistant to the goods of insulin on your blood sugar. 

 Gravid Diabetes

 Gravid diabetes occurs as the result of hormonal changes during gestation. The placenta produces hormones that make a pregnant person’s cells less sensitive to the goods of insulin. This can beget high blood sugar during gestation.

5#Diabetes threat factors

Certain factors increase your  threat for diabetes.

 Type 1 Diabetes 

You ’re more likely to get type 1 diabetes if you ’re a child or teenager, you have a parent or stock with the condition, or you carry certain genes that are linked to the  complaint. 

Type 2 Diabetes

  Your threat for type 2 diabetes increases if you 

• are fat 

• are age 45 or aged 

• have a parent or stock with the condition 

• aren’t physically active 

• has had gravid diabetes 

• have pre-diabetes

 • have high blood pressure, high cholesterol, or high triglycerides 

Gravid Diabetes

 Your threat for gravid diabetes increases if you 

• are fat 

• are over age 25

 • had gravid diabetes during a  once  gestation 

• have given birth to a baby  importing  further than 9 pounds 

• have a family history of type 2 diabetes 

• have poly-cystic ovary pattern( PCOS)

 6# Diabetes complications

 High blood sugar damages organs and Akins throughout your body. The advanced your blood sugar is and the longer you live with it, the lesser your  threat for complications. 

• Heart complaint, heart attack, and stroke

 • Neuropathy

 • Nephropathy 

• Retinopathy and vision loss 

• hail loss 

• Bottom damage, similar as infections and blisters that don’t heal 

• Skin conditions, similar as bacterial and fungal infections 

• Depression 

• Madness

Gravid Diabetes 

Un managed gravid diabetes can lead to problems that affect both the  mama  and baby. Complications affecting the baby can include 

  unseasonable birth 

• advanced- than-typical weight at birth

 • increased  threat for type 2 diabetes  latterly in life 

• low blood sugar 


• birth 

7# Treatment of Diabetes 

Croakers treat diabetes with a many different  specifics. Some are taken by mouth, while others are available as injections. 

Type 1 and  1.5 Diabetes

 Insulin is the main treatment for type 1 and 1.5 diabetes. It replaces the hormone your body isn’t suitable to produce. 

• Rapid- acting insulin starts to work within 15 twinkles and its goods last for 2 to 4 hours 

• Short- acting insulin starts to work within 30 twinkles and lasts 3 to 6 hours

 • Intermediate- acting insulin starts to work within 2 to 4 hours and lasts 12 to 18 hours 

• Long- acting insulin starts to work 2 hours after injection and lasts over to 24 hours  •Ultra-long amusement insulin starts to work 6 hours after injection and lasts 36 hours 

• Premixed insulin starts working within 15 to 30  twinkles 

By Admin

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